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Reconstruction of Bezdan Lock
The Bezdan lock was built in 1856 and is the first facility of its kind in Europe where underwater concreting was applied. The concrete plant was set up on the building site itself and the concreting work lasted day and night for 90 days without interruption. This lock has two pairs of winged gates at each end of the chamber. It has not been in use as a lock since 1995 but instead is used as a means of defence against high waters of the Danube. Within the BABECA project, the reconstruction of the lock will be carried out and its original function restored.
Reconstruction of Šebešfok Lock and Sluice
The Šebešfok lock was built in 1875. It is 9.5 m wide. The chamber between the upper and lower head has not been built, but the trapezoidal soil canal profile had been left. It has two pairs of double wing gates positioned in such a way to allow navigation only in the event of high water levels in the Baja -Bezdan Canal in relation to the Bezdan-Bačko Gradište Canal. The regulation of the water flow from the Baja-Bezdan Canal has been made possible by means of the openings that are on each side of the lower gate, which would open and close as the need arose. The purpose of the Šebešfok Lock has been changed since the DTD Hydrosystem was built, so that it now serves as a safety lock. The BABECA project involves the reconstruction and restoraration of the function of this facility.
Dredging of the Baja-Bezdan Canal
The Baja-Bezdan Canal (also known as Ferenc-tápcsatorna) was originally called the "feed canal". It was built in the period from 1871 to 1875 using share capital, mainly English, which was acquired by General István Türr. The length of the Baja-Bezdan Canal is 44.8 km, of which 32.2 km is in Hungary and 10.6 km in Serbia, whereas the state border in the length of 2 km is along the canal bed. The original purpose of the Canal was to supply the navigable canal network in Bačka with gravity-fed water from the Danube and to allow the transportation of goods by water. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, its purpose was expanded so as to receive excess inland waters. In accordance with the revision of the Catchment Management Plan (VGT2) of Hungary, the Baja-Bezdan Canal was assessed as 'poor' on the basis of water status analysis. The bed of the Baja-Bezdan Canal has been covered by overgrowth, especially in the vicinity of the settlements of Bátmonostor and Nagybaracska, so that dredging of the bed at these sections is necessary. The BABECA project will also contribute to achieving a good ecological potential of the Canal.